RAGGING IN COLLEGES.
Theoretically speaking, Ragging is defined as –“ the doing of any act which causes, or is likely to cause any physical, psychological or physiological harm of apprehension or shame or embarrassment to a student, and includes–
(a) Teasing or abusing of playing Practical joke on, or causing hurt to any student. or
(b) Asking any student to do any act, or perform any thing, which he/she would not, in the ordinary course, be willing to do or perform.
Now- a -days, this has changed. The torture on innocent students often run for months, and involve the same batch of students being physically and mentally abused by same and/or different group of seniors (including those from the opposite sex) over and over again.
The seniors use it as a means of lowering their stress, whatever stress it may be – due to study load, or some other. To overcome this stress, they take out their anger on the juniors in the form of ragging.
There are many examples in front of us, which shows us the disadvantages of ragging:
1) First year medical student, who was ragged and beaten to death allegedly by his seniors in Himachal Pradesh.
2) A 20-year-old engineering student attempted suicide after being ragged by seniors in Andhra Pradesh.
Now according to me, it is the high time that the government and the people of India take some serious decision, to stop this increasing menace.
For this purpose, the supreme court, initiated a step by defining new guidelines for ragging in 2001, but all in vain:
It stated that: Any disorderly conduct whether by words spoken or written or by an act which the effect of teasing, treating or handling with rudeness any other student, Indulging in rowdy or undisciplined activities which causes or Is likely to cause annoyance, hardship or psychological harm or to raise fear or apprehension thereof in a fresher or a junior student or asking the students to do any act or perform something which such student will not do in the ordinary course and which has the effect of causing or generating a sense of shame or embarrassment so as to adversely affect the physique or psyche of a fresher or a junior student and such doers are punishable under the laws made by government.
Even the Raghavan committee, has failed to put an end to this menace.
To know, how this menace has increased I India, the following extract is important:
Ragging, a colonial legacy, is widespread in India's education. Various State Legislatures in India have been passing anti-ragging legislations, yet the issue is far from being resolved. Indian legal fraternity has yet to approach the problem of ragging from a perspective other than that of "crime." In the absence of any serious research to that effect, ragging is hardly recognized as an issue under human rights; human rights fraternities in India do not seem to bother about "ragging."
Ragging, though widely believed to be a major factor for campus violence and suicides in educational institutions in India, has yet to be recognized as traditional and systematic human rights abuse in education, and such human right violations in education have not been given the proper attention in India that they deserve. However, within the United Nations, ragging has been considered as an issue of human rights in education.
Katarina Tomaševski, the Special Rapporteur with Commission on Human Rights, Economic and Social Council, United Nations, in her Annual Report in 2001, advocates a 4-A scheme, whereby governmental human rights obligations to make education available, accessible, acceptable, and adaptable have been recognized. The Commission on Human Rights had asked the Special Rapporteur to focus on overcoming obstacles and difficulties in the realization of the right to worldwide education and, in keeping this direction in view, the Special Rapportuer made specific mention of "Ragging” in Chapter V, “STREAMLINING THE HUMAN RIGHTS FRAMEWORK FOR EDUCATION.”
"75… The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka decided in April 1998 on the constitutionality of a law that aimed to outlaw and suppress inter alia, verbal abuse (recognized as ragging, bullying, or harassment) within educational institutions. The victimization of students, especially newcomers, through verbal abuse should be outlawed, the Court affirmed, adding that "ragging has far too long been cruel, inhuman and degrading. Our society has been unable to deal with the root causes of ragging, and the anxieties, fears and frustrations of youth on which ragging has fed and flourished."
Appreciating domestic courts' increasing recognition of human rights in education, the Special Rapportuer expressed her satisfaction about the entry of human rights in education law. The report's recommendation section says:
“81. the international and domestic human rights law protecting the right to education and guaranteeing human rights in education should be used as a corrective for all education strategies.“The Special Rapporteur recommends to all international actors involved in promoting education to review their approach using human rights as the yardstick.”
Making a particular reference to India, the report says:
“24…While fully aware of the allocations of responsibility within education between central and State governments, the special rapportuer emphasized the responsibility of the State in ensuring the full implementation of international human rights law binding upon it...”
This mean that State needs to take up the task of making education acceptable to all and elimination of ragging should be construed to be a necessary step in this direction.
The Special Rapportuer's report calls for:
- Mainstreaming of human rights in educational strategies
- The full mobilization of the existing human rights standards for education in order to enable the human rights community to provide a timely contribution to developments which were, until recently, deemed to lie beyond the reach of human rights safeguards.
Now, a good step is being taken by all the colleges I India, which I think may be effective, in stopping the ragging.
THAT IS – “ TO GET A SEAT IN COLLEGE, THE STUDENTS AND PARENTS MUST SIGN A STATEMENT THAT THE STUDENTS WILL NOT INDULGE IN MENACES LINKE RAGGING, WHICH IF FAILED, STUDENTS MAY BE EXPELLED FROM THE COLLEGES, WITH A FINE OF RS. 2.5 LAKHS AND THE PUNISHMENT ACCORDING TO THE NORMS AND LAWS FORMED BY THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT.
TO STOP THE RAGGING, U MAY ALSO VISIT