|

Trignometric Ratios and Identities
Tags: Engineering Entrance  |  JEE Main  |  CBSE Board  |  JEE Advanced  |  Trigonometry  |  ICSE Class 11  |  ICSE Class 12
« Back to Content

Trignometric Ratios and Identities
Math: Trignometry Chapter

The word trignometry is devided from 2 greek words
(1) Trigonon and

(2) Meetron

Trignon means triangle and metron means measure So, is science of measuning angle .A very interesting branch, it is used in almost all other branches of mathematic whether it be coordinatc goemetry or it be calculus.

For a given angle

in a right angle these ate six fossible ratios of 2 sides and hence there are 6 trignometric functions. These are extremely useful in simplefying many cliculations in mathematics. So lets stady these in more details.

Trignometric functions
:
Let O be centre if circle of radius r . Let a may po form an angle

at centre of circle. Drop apm.So, inOPM we obserre.sin=, cos=
ton =

;

Further more about these 6 trignometric ratios is covered in this table.

Illustration 1.

Find the solrof the equation eln cos x= 2 ?eln cos x= cos xlne = cos xcos x = 2Now the range of cos x is - 1 to 1 .So, the equation has no solution .

Trignometric function of allied angles
:
Ifis any angle then -,etc are called allied angles of

Remork
: (1) If we have allied angle

where n is any integer then ratio remains the some and sign ( +ve and -ve) is given according to the quadrant in whichlies(assumingIstQuadrant).

(2) If we have allied angle

where P is an odd integer then ratio changes i.e 'sine' changs to 'cosine' ; 'cosine' changes t 'sine'; tangent and 'cosecant' changes to 'secant'changes to 'cotangent', 'secant' changes t 'cosecant' and ' cosecant' changes to 'secant' The sign (+ve or -ve ) is given according t quadrant in which

Name

Mobile

E-mail

City

Class