Engineering Entrance , KIITEE
Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIITEE) Chemistry Syllabus:
* Part 1 chemistry paper syllabus for KIITEE, before to start with chemistry examination syllabus here.
Unit 16: Chemistry of Representative Elements
Periodic properties- Trends in groups and periods (a) Oxides-nature (b) Halides-melting points (c) Carbonates and sulphates-solubility.
The chemistry of s and p block elements, electronics configuration, general characteristic properties and oxidation states of the following:-
Group 1 elements - Alkali metals
Group 2 elements - Alkaline earth metals
Group 13 elements - Boron family
Group 14 elements - Carbon family
Group 15 elements - Nitrogen family
Group 16 elements - Oxygen family
Group 17 elements - Halogen family
Group 18 elements - Noble gases & Hydrogen
Unit 17 : Transition Metals Including Lanthanides
Electronic configuration : General characteristic properties, oxidation states of transition metals. First row transition metals and general properties of their compounds-oxides, halides and sulphides. General properties of a second and third row transition elements (Groupwise discussion). Preparation and reactions, properties and uses of Potassium dichromate Potassium permanganate. Inner Transition Elements: General discussion with special reference to oxidation states and lanthanide contraction.
Unit 18 : Coordination Chemistry and Organo Metallics
Coordination compounds, Nomenclature: Isomerism in coordination compounds; Bonding in coordination compounds, Werner’s coordination theory. Applications of coordination compounds.
Unit 19: Nuclear Chemistry
Nature of radiation from radioactive substances. Nuclear reactions; Radio-active disintegration series; Artificial transmutation of elements; Nuclear fission and Nuclear fusion: Isotopes and their applications: Radio carbon-dating.
Unit 20: Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds
Purification (crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography).
Qualitative analysis, detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.
Quantitative analysis- estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus
(basic principles only)
Determination of molecular mass-Silver salt method, cholroplatinate salt method Calculation of empirical formula and molecular formula. Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis, modern methods of structure elucidation.
Unit 21: Some Basic Principles
Classification of Organic Compounds. Tetravalency of Carbon, Homologous series. Functional groups- - C=C-,-C C-,and groups containing halogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur. General introduction to naming organic compounds-Common names and IUPAC nomenclature of alphatic, aromatic and Cyclic Compounds. Illustration with examples of Compounds having not more than three same of different functional groups/ atoms. Isomerism-Structural and stereoisomerism (geometrical and optical). Chirality-Isomerism in Compounds having one and two chiral Centres. Enantiomers, diastereoisomers, recemic forms, recemisation & resolution.
Covalent bond fission-Homolytic and Heterolytic: free radicals carbocations and carbanions. Stability of Carbocations and free-radicals. Electrophiles and Nucleophiles. Electron displacement in a covalent bond-inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement reactions. Illustration with examples.
Unit:- 22 Hydrocarbons
Classification. Sources of hydrocarbons:
Alkanes- General methods of preparation (from unsaturated hydrocarbons, alkylhalides, aldehydes, ketones and carburoxylic acids). Physical properties and reactions (Substitution), Oxidation and miscellaneous). Conformations of alkanes(ethane, popane butane) and cyclohexane, sawhorse and Newman projections)-mechanism of halogaration of alkanes.
Alkanes and Alkynes- General methods of preparation physical peorperties, Chemical reactions-Mechanism of electrophilic addition reactions in alkenes-Markowni Koff’s Rule, peroxide effect. Acidic character of alkynes. Polymerisation of alkenes.
Aromatic hydrocarbons- Benzene and its homologues, Isomerism, Chemical reactions of benzene. Structure of benzene, resonance. Directive influence of substituents.
Petroleum- Hydro Carbons from Petroleum, Cracking and reforming, quality of gasoline-Octane number, gasoline additives.
Unit 23:- Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
(Haloakanes and Haloarenes)
Methods of preparation, physical properties and reactions. Preparation, properties and uses of Chloroform and lodoform.
Unit 24:- Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
General methods of preparation, correlation of physical properties with their structures, chemical properties and uses of Alchols, polyhydric alcohols, Ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, Phenol, Benzaldehyde and Benzoic acid -their important methods of preparation and reactions. Acidity of carboxylic acids and phenol effect of substituents on the acidity of carboxylic acids.
Unit 25 :- Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
(Cyanides, isocyanides, nitrocompounds and amines)
Nomenclature and classification of amines, cyanides, isocyanides, nitrocompounds and their methods of preparation; correlation of their physical properties with structure, chemical reactions and uses- Basicity of amines.
Unit 26:- Synthetic and Natural Polymers
Classification on Polymers, natural and synthetic polymers ( with stress on their general methods of preparation) and important uses of the following.
Teflon, PVC, Polystyrene, Nylon-66, terylene, Bakelite)
Unit 27 :- Bio Molecules and Biological Processes
The Cell and Energy Cycle
Carbohydrates : Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides
Amino acids and Peptides- Structure and classification.
Proteins and Enzymes-Structure of Proteins, Role of enzymes.
Nucleic Acids-DNA and RNA
Biological functions of Nucleic acids-Protein synthesis and replication.
Lipids- Structure, membranes and their functions.
Unit 28:- Chemistry In Action
Dyes, Chemicals in medicines ( antipyretic, analgesic, antibiotics & tranquilisers), Rocket propellants.
(Structural formulae non-evaluative)
Unit 29 :- Environmental Chemistry
Environmental pollutants; soil, water and air pollution; major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain, Ozone and its reactions causing ozone layer depletion, effects of the depletion of ozone layer, industrial air pollution.
For better KIIT exam preparation, prepare important physics syllabus of KIITEE of test part 1in designed exam pattern .
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